Arthritis: more than 50 million Americans have arthritis, a term that encompasses more than a hundred types of joint diseases and conditions.

One of the most common is osteoarthritis, which usually occurs with age and may affect knees, hips, neck, lower back and fingers but sometimes follows an injury. Inflammatory arthritis, which includes rheumatoid arthritis, and gout are other common types. Symptoms of arthritis may include stiffness, redness, heat, swelling and pain. You may also have a fever, lose weight or get a rash or itch.

More than 50 million Americans have arthritis, a term that encompasses more than a hundred types of joint diseases and conditions. One of the most common is osteoarthritis, which usually occurs with age and may affect knees, hips, neck, lower back and fingers but sometimes follows an injury. Inflammatory arthritis, which includes rheumatoid arthritis, and gout are other common types. Symptoms of arthritis may include stiffness, redness, heat, swelling and pain. You may also have a fever, lose weight or get a rash or itch. Contact NMA for a thorough evaluation and treatment options that best fit your needs.

Osteoarthritis of the Hip

Hip osteoarthritis (OA) causes the cartilage cushioning in your joints to be lost, resulting in pain, stiffness and limited movement.

Nona Medical Arts will provide treatment recommendations based on your condition and history. Treatments range from non surgical to invasive. Conservative treatments include exercising and stretching. Non surgical treatments include cell based hip injections, such as PRP or stem cells.

Hip arthritis is a degenerative condition, so, your symptoms will likely worsen as the cartilage breaks down more and more. Some people can go many years using conservative treatments before injections or surgery is indicated.

Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Arthritis (inflammation of one or more of your joints). Pain, swelling, and stiffness are the primary symptoms of arthritis. Any joint in the body can be affected by this condition, but it is most common in the knee.

Knee arthritis can make it hard to preform everyday activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. It is a major cause of lost work time and a serious disability for many individuals.

Most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, but there are over 100 different forms. While arthritis is mainly an adult disease, some forms affect children.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system, which normally protects its health by attacking foreign substances like bacteria and viruses, mistakenly attacks the joints.

This creates inflammation that causes the tissue that lines the inside of joints (the synovium) to thicken, resulting in swelling and pain in and around the joints.

Rheumatoid arthritis most commonly affects the joints in the hands, feet, wrists, elbows, knees and ankles. The joint effect is usually symmetrical, meaning, if one knee or hand if affected, usually the other will be too. Because RA also can affect body systems, such as the cardiovascular or respiratory systems, it is called a “systemic disease”. Systemic means “entire body.”

Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder

Osteoarthritis of the shoulder is a gradual wearing of the articular cartilage that leads to pain and stiffness. As the shoulder joint surface degenerates, the subchondral bone remodels, losing its sphericity and congruity. The joint capsule also becomes thickened, leading to further loss of normal shoulder rotation.

Subchondral bone is the layer of bone just below the cartilage in the joints. “chondral” refers to cartilage, while the prefix “sub” means below. Subchondral bone is a shock absorber in weight-bearing joints.

The shoulder consists two joints, (1) the acromioclavicular (AC) joint and (2) the glenohumeral joint. The AC joint is the point where the clavicle, meets the acromion (the top of the shoulder blade). The glenohumeral joint is the point where the top of the arm bone, or humerus, meets the shoulder blade, or scapula. Osteoarthritis is more commonly found in the AC joint.

Contact Nona Medical Arts to explore treatments to heal your arthritis (knees, shoulders, hands, hips, etc).