Bursitis is the inflammation or irritation of the bursa.
Bursitis is most often caused by repetitive, minor impact on the area, or from a sudden, more serious injury. Age also plays a role. As tendons age they are able to tolerate stress less, are less elastic, and are easier to tear.
The bursa is a sac filled with lubricating fluid, located between tissues such as bone, muscle, tendons, and skin, that decrease rubbing, friction, and irritation.
Overuse or injury to the joint at work or play can also increase a person’s risk of bursitis. Examples of high-risk activities include gardening, raking, carpentry, shoveling, painting, scrubbing, tennis, golf, skiing, throwing, and pitching. Incorrect posture at work or home and poor stretching or conditioning before exercise can also lead to bursitis.
An abnormal or poorly placed bone or joint (such as length differences in your legs or arthritis in a joint) can put added stress on a bursa sac, causing bursitis.
Stress or inflammation from other conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, gout, psoriatic arthritis, thyroid disorders, or unusual medication reactions may also increase a person’s risk. In addition, an infection can occasionally lead to inflammation of a bursa.
Bursitis is more common in adults, especially in those over 40 years of age. It affects mainly the following body parts: elbow, shoulder, hip, knee, achilles tendon. The most common symptom of bursitis is pain. The pain may build up gradually or be sudden and severe, especially if calcium deposits are present.
Severe loss of motion in the shoulder, called “adhesive capsulitis” or frozen shoulder, can also result from the immobility and pain associated with shoulder bursitis.
If you are planning to start exercising, you will be less likely to get bursitis if you gradually build up force and repetitions. Stop what you are doing if unusual pain occurs.