Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) occur when the bony block in the spine collapses, which can lead to severe pain and height loss. These fractures more commonly occur in the thoracic spine (the middle area of the spine), especially in the lower part.

For the most part, nonoperative treatments are recommended for compression fracture. Regenerative treatments and customized physical activity are very good options for healing.

A compression fracture is defined as a fracture that occurs because of compression of the bone in the spine.

Most compression fractures occur in vertebrae that have been weakened by osteoporosis or other diseases that weaken bone, such as cancer. The fracture occurs when the bone has deteriorated to the point that it can no longer support the spinal column in daily activities.

While compression fractures can occur anywhere in the spine, they typically occur in the thoracic region, which includes the T1 through T12 vertebrae, or in the lumbar spine, the L1 through L5 vertebrae. They rarely occur above the T7 level of the spine.